On our 21st birthday, our team at HealthCare21 covered the significant advancements within the healthcare sector that occurred over the past 21 years. We will now be posting 21 developments that will be shaping the future of medical communications and healthcare delivery.
2. Stem cell research is one of the most exciting and fast-paced areas of biological research. New animal studies may open opportunities to regress adult cells back into stem cells through environmental stress, the medical impact of this on a larger scale while avoiding the debate surrounding embryonic stem cells could be staggering. This approach would eliminate transplant rejection in organs or with skin grafts due to the host using its own cells. Research involving the use of healthy patient cells to replace damaged liver cells has already seen positive results. Two other areas also showing promise are brain and spinal cord injuries caused by stroke and how they can be treated using stem cell therapy. Additionally, stem cell therapy can reduce the potency in which genetic diseases cause damage, achieved by countering the decaying nerves and brain repair capabilities with new, healthy cells. Such diseases include; Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS, also known as motor neurone disease), Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease and diabetes. Stem cell research is also showing promise relating to birth defects in heart and brain tissue incurred in the womb. Other applications of stem cells are being investigated in clinical trials, although it is still too early to know if any of these applications would work, the main areas currently being investigated include macular degeneration, neurological conditions, diabetes, spinal cord injury, myocardial infarction, multiple sclerosis, leukaemia and cartilage injuries.
1. Three 3 Ways Stem Cell Research is the Future of Medical Treatment. Nature 2017